Adolescent orthodontic treatment is often called Phase II treatment.  The most common time for treatment is between the ages of 11 and 15, and for good reasons.  By age 12, most, if not all, of the permanent teeth have erupted and are in place, and crooked teeth, gaps and bad bites can easily be identified.  These problems will hardly ever correct themselves, so this is when most parents decide to seek orthodontic treatment for their children.

This is also a good time for orthodontic treatment because many of the negative associations with braces are not yet present.  Many children in this age group receive orthodontic treatment, and kids are often willing to wear braces because they see their friends wearing them too and want to join in the fun! 

Besides the benefits of fitting in with their friends, children at this age are growing fast, and orthodontists can typically take advantage of these growth spurts to help shape the bite and teeth correctly. Children at this age also have a high metabolism, which can help shorten overall treatment time and reduce discomfort.